Bipin Chandra Pal

 
Bipin Chandra Pal




 Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian nationalist and a grate leader of the Indian nationalist movement. He was born on 7th November 1858 in Poil village in Syllhet district on present day Bangladesh. He was born in a wealthy Hindu Vaishnavite family. His father, Ramchandra Pal was a Persian scholar and a small landowner. Bipin Chandra Pal is known as the ‘Father of Revolutionary Thoughts’ in India.
 In his youth Bipin Chandra Pal was inspired by his political Guru, SurendraNath Banerjee. He started taking interest in politics in the early 80’s of the last century. He shared the views of the Moderate leaders of the Congress. There was a certain change in him during 1904, due to the official announcement that Bengal was going to be partitioned. There was an anti partition agitation which cropped up against the decision of the government. Bipin Chandra flung himself into the movement.  He married a widow for which he had to sever all ties with his family. He was admitted to the Presidency College in Calcutta but could not complete his studies and started his career as a headmaster. In the later years, he was working ad a librarian in Calcutta public library where he met many political leaders like ShivnathShastri, S.N. Banerjee and B.K. Goswami. He was influenced to quit teaching and take up politics as career.



Bipin Chandra Pal was famous as one of the triumvirate of the three militant patriots popularly known as ‘Lal-Bal-Pal’. These three was responsible for initiating the first popular upsurge against the British colonial policy in the 1905 partition of Bengal. This was before the entry of Mahatma Gandhi into politics. Bipin Chandra Pal was also the founder of the journal ‘BandeMataram’. At the time of BalGangadharTilak’s arrest and government repression in 1907, Bipin Chandra Pal left for England where he was briefly associated with the radical India House and also founded the Swaraj journal. However, during that time the political repercussions in the wake of Curzon Wyllie’s assassination in 1909 led to the collapse of the publication and as a result it drove Pal to penury and mental collapse in London. Later, he moved away from his extremist phase and nationalism and he contemplated an association of free nations as the great federal idea. He was among the first to criticize Mahatma Gandhi or the ‘Gandhi cult’ as it sought to replace the present government by no government or by the priestly autocracy of the Mahatma.


The trio Lal-Bal-Pal has advocated radical means like burning Western clothes made in the mills of Manchester or Swadeshi, boycotting British manufactured goods and strikes and lockouts of British owned businesses and industries to get their message across to the British. Bipin Chandra Pal was imprisoned for six months on the grounds of his refusal to give evidence against Sri Aurobindo in the VandeMataram case. Bipin Chandra Pal participated in a number of events like the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress in the year 1904, the Partition of Bengal in 1905, the Swadeshi Movement, the Non Cooperation Movement and the Bengal Pact in the year 1923. He joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1886. He made a strong plea for repelling of Arms Act in the year 1887 as it was discriminatory in nature. He was also effectively involved in removing social evils from the nation and in arousing the feelings of nationalism through national criticism.